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Family and Medical Leave Act


The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) provides certain employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave per year. It also requires that their group health benefits be maintained during the leave.

FMLA is designed to help employees balance their work and family responsibilities by allowing them to take reasonable unpaid leave for certain family and medical reasons. It also seeks to accommodate the legitimate interests of employers and promote equal employment opportunity for men and women.

FMLA applies to all public agencies, all public and private elementary and secondary schools, and companies with 50 or more employees. These employers must provide an eligible employee with up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave each year for any of the following reasons:

  • for the birth and care of the newborn child of an employee;

  • for placement with the employee of a child for adoption or foster care;

  • to care for an immediate family member (spouse, child, or parent) with a serious health condition; or

  • to take medical leave when the employee is unable to work because of a serious health condition.


Your local civil service board rules may have information regarding Family Medical Leave as it applies to your jurisdiction. While your rules may provide some information, the U.S. Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division has produced several resources to assist employers and employees in understanding the rights and responsibilities under FMLA. This full site can be found by clicking here. We have listed some key resources below.

- Please click here to view a PowerPoint Presentation on Family Medical Leave compiled by the U.S. Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division.

- All covered employers are required to display and keep displayed a poster prepared by the Department of Labor summarizing the major provisions of The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and telling employees how to file a complaint. The poster, as compiled by the U.S. Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division, can be found here.